Area 2 (Crossing and Transepts)
Within both the North Transept, rebuilt in the 14th century, and the South Transept, rebuilt in the early 15th century, are several interesting monuments.
Joyce, Lady Clerke monument
One of the most imposing memorials here is that of Joyce, Lady Clerke, erected by her husband William, a local lawyer and poet.
It was designed by Nicholas Stone, a prominent 17th century sculptor. Stone is most famous for his work with the architect Inigo Jones, best known for the Banqueting House in Whitehall. It is an elaborate allegory on the heavenly harvest.
Lionel Lockyer monument
Another monument commemorates the physician, Lionel Lockyer. Famous in his day for his pills, he died in 1672, which is rather surprising considering the claims made for the pills.
Here Lockyer; lies interr'd enough; his name
Speakes one hath few competitors in fame;
A name soe Great, soe Generall't may scorne
Inscriptions whch doe vulgar tombs adorne.
A diminution 'tis to write in verse
His eulogies whch most mens mouths rehearse.
His virtues and his PILLS are soe well known..
That envy can't confine them vnder stone.
But they'll survive his dust and not expire
Till all things else at th'universall fire.
This verse is lost, his PILL Embalmes him safe
To future times without an Epitaph
The Bliss monument is a typical 18th century monument. Richard Bliss, a member of St Saviour's Vestry, wears a full-bottomed wig, surrounded with attendant weeping cherubs.
His widow gave a silver flagon to the church in her husband's memory which is still used today.
An unusual feature of the Cathedral is this stilted arch which often goes unnoticed by visitors. The arch, bearing traces of medieval colouring, is distorted to accommodate a spiral staircase running up to the top of the tower.
John Harvard was born in Southwark and baptised in St Saviour's in 1607. The relevant entry, with his father's signature, is in the Cathedral register. He is commemorated by the Harvard Chapel, off the North Transept. Originally the Chapel of St John the Evangelist, it was restored with funds received from members of Harvard University.
John was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge and graduated in 1635, the year of his mother's death. The following year he married Anne Sadler and having no relatives left in Southwark, decided to join his brother Puritans to form a godly commonwealth in the New World.
Arriving in Boston, with his library of 320 volumes, Harvard was admitted a townsman of Charlestown and ministered in the 'First Church'. He was described as a scholar and lover of learning. He died childless in 1638. He left his books (of which only one remains) and half his fortune, £779 17s 2d, to the college of Newtown, a foundation for the 'education of English and Indian youth in knowledge and godliness'. Newtown became Cambridge, Massachusetts and the college became Harvard University.
The splendid stained glass window was given by the then American Ambassador to London, Mr Choate, in 1905. Depicting the baptism of Christ by John the Baptist, it is by an American artist John La Farge, a colleague of Louis Tiffany. It uses a technique of mixing several colours in one piece of opalescent glass and includes the arms of Harvard University and Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
The Crossing under the central tower has four piers, flattened on the inner sides, dating from the 14th century. Suspended here is a splendid chandelier given by an innkeeper's wife, in 1680.
The inscription on it reads:
"The gift of Dorothye relict of Jno. Appleby Esqe to ye Parish Church of St Saviour Southwarke 1680".
Cardinal Beaufort's Arms
In about 1420 he assisted with the completion of the tower and the rebuilding of the south transept.
He was a powerful political figure. He presided over the burning of Joan of Arc in Rouen. His niece, Joan Beaufort, was married to James I, King of Scotland, in this church in 1424.
John Bingham monument
Located in the South Transept is a monument to John Bingham, saddler to both Elizabeth I and James I. He was a benefactor of the local grammar school and also one of the 'Bargainers', a group of parishioners who bought the church in 1611 from James I for £800.
[See also John Trehearne]
Sir Frederick Wigan monument
Sir Frederick Wigan was a wealthy hop merchant when the Borough was the centre of the hop trade. He was the first Treasurer of the newly created Cathedral in 1905 and a generous benefactor, donating many of the building's furnishings. He is also remembered by the 'Wigan Chanters' in the Cathedral Choir. He endowed two 'Wigan Chanters' senior choirboys.
Isabella Gilmore (1842-1923) was a naval officer's widow who became a ward sister at Guy's Hospital. She was persuaded by the Bishop of Rochester (St Saviour's was in the Diocese of Rochester from 1886 to 1904) to become Head Deaconess to the Diocese and founded the house for deaconesses on Clapham Common. She was the sister of William Morris, the artist and socialist. She is buried at St Michael's, Lyme Regis, the church in which she first heard the call.
Archbishop Davidson, at a Memorial Service, held at Lambeth Parish Church in March 1923, stated:
"Isabella Gilmore occupies now and will occupy hereafter an important place in the records of our Church life in England; larger, I suspect, in the Church of the future than we were accustomed to estimate when talking to her or thinking of her."
The Cathedral has a chalice which incorporates some of her rings and those owned by other members of the Order of Deaconesses. This was first used on the 5th anniversary of the ordination of women priests in the Cathedral on 15 May 1999. The Cathedral Library has a portrait of her on prominent display, and a stall within the Choir is named after her.